Types of Pavers and Methods of Installation


Pavers enhance the beauty of a landscape. Before paver installation, it is vital to prepare the area and identify the function for which it will serve. There are different types of paving material, and their use depends on the type and purpose of the landscape. Asphalt is among the most common material used to make pavements in areas frequently used by vehicles, such as driveways.

Paver installation needs the expertise of a contractor who understands the different types of pavers and the environment that best suits their structure.

The most common types of pavers are the following

Brick pavers

Bricks are natural stones primarily used in pavements due to the different shapes and colors of the material. Bricks made of fired clay come in various patterns, allowing for creativity in the installation process.

Other types of natural stones can be used in driveway pavers due to their durability and the ability to withstand heavyweights. They include basalt, bluestone, and marble tiles. It is vital to note that natural stones can chip and crack over a long period.

Walkway pavers

Natural stones such as flagstone are used to make walkway pavements. They are also ideal for making ways leading to the pool, decks, and patios. The stones used to make walkway pavements are not necessarily strong enough to support the weight of heavy machinery and vehicles.

Stones used in walkways are shaped by nature and appear in different textures and colors. They are also rough, a feature that makes them most appropriate for walkways. The stones are durable and do not retain heat from the sun.

Porcelain pavers

Porcelain is an artificial stone that is made from clay subjected to very high temperatures. Porcelain pavements are strong but are affected by icy weather conditions.

Concrete pavers

These are human-made pavers made from cement and aggregates ideal for contractors who are more concerned about the beauty of the landscape. They are relatively fair priced as compared to bricks. Concrete pavements are durable and are not prevalent to cracks. They are the most common type of pavers used in driveways.

Methods of Paver Installation

The choice of the installation method depends on the usage of the pavement. Some pavers are used for pedestrians, others for light and heavy vehicles. The weather conditions in a given area also determine the type and method of paver installation. Some regions are exposed to water, and others to both water and freezing. In some cases, the pavers are meant for interior use.

There are three options for paver settings that are involved in the installation process. These are:

  • Sand set pavers:These are pavements whose setting can be changed depending on the extent to which the pavement will be exposed. The installation process starts with sorting the soil and compressing it beneath the pavers. A drainage system is then placed on top of the earth to enhance the sewerage. Sand set pavers are the most economical, have low installation cost, and user-friendly.
  • Bitumen set pavers: Refers to a type of pavement setting that allows selective movement. The installation is not permanent, and if subjected to high traffic of motor vehicles, they can experience fractures and cracks. Bitumen installation is made to accommodate minimal movement and requires regular maintenance to prevent damage to pavers.
  • Mortar pavers: The most permanent installation method is durable and can sustain a high volume of traffic. The installation system is made up of a concrete foundation and a drainage layer at the bottom. Mortar pavers are resistant to fatigue from traffic and require minimal maintenance cost.

The choice of paper type and the method of installation depends on varied factors, and you need the assistance of a design contractor before installation.

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